The Philosopher’s Drone: Artificial Intelligence on a Social-Sciences Foundation

As the field of AI expands across the capital markets, should developers be required to take social science classes? Emilia David examines.


A little-known fact in the world of artificial-intelligence (AI) development is that emails from employees of defunct energy company Enron form the foundation of training for most aspects of machine training. This dataset, released after the scandal broke, is free and publicly available. These emails help make the basis of predictive models for machine learning and other forms of AI to determine how humans speak, act and think. 

Experts say this is a problem—a supposedly unbiased technology is

Only users who have a paid subscription or are part of a corporate subscription are able to print or copy content.

To access these options, along with all other subscription benefits, please contact [email protected] or view our subscription options here:

You are currently unable to copy this content. Please contact [email protected] to find out more.

To continue reading...

You need to sign in to use this feature. If you don’t have a WatersTechnology account, please register for a trial.

Sign in
You are currently on corporate access.

To use this feature you will need an individual account. If you have one already please sign in.

Sign in.

Alternatively you can request an individual account here: